Typically developing children naturally progress through the different stages of emotional development and become confident, trusting, accepting young people who embrace diversity and become independent learners. However, emotional development involves many complex stages which can be hindered with inconsistent parenting, lack of sensitivity or nurture,...

Neuroscience is revealing more and more about the ways in which teenagers’ brains are different to adults’ brains. Understanding how this impacts on their thinking, mood and behaviour can be very helpful and sometimes quite reassuring for those of us that work with them. With...

Communication is the basis of human and non-human interaction. We can all communicate with a touch or a sound, a look or a symbol, a word or a sentence and also by doing or saying nothing at all. Communication can be verbal and non-verbal and...

Shyness is an emotional state which combines a behavioural reserve and elements of anxiety when faced with social situations. It is normal for all children to experience it sometimes as part of learning about life and growing up. Toddlers up to roughly two years old...